Harish Jharia

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28 February 2013

Overambitious Indian Rail Budget proposes Super Luxury ‘Anubhuti’ Class in Indian trains For Free Rides to Ministers and Senior Officers

India needs more trains rather than super luxury classes...

© Harish Jharia

In the recent railway budget 2013, the Indian railway minister has introduced a super luxury class titled ‘Anubhuti’ class for Indian trains. ‘Anubhuti’ class will have the ambiance and luxuries like any 5 star hotels. Its ticket / fare are proposed to be one-and-a-half times that of the AC 1st class in Shatabdi and Rajdhani trains. The current AC 1st class fare is already more than the ticket / fare of airlines flights. Therefore, the fare of this super luxury class is going to be far more than the charges required to be paid for flights on airlines. 

This unbelievably overambitious budget proposal has raised many doubts about the intentions of the government. Let us discuss them point by point as follows:
  1. It is not understood why this project has been added with the budget proposals. In fact, decision has already been taken to install manufacturing facilities in Rae Bareli. A prototype has also been made and displayed. Budget proposal is only eyewash. 
  2. Delhi to Mumbai Airline’s flight fare and Train’s AC 1st Class fare is about Rs 4000/- and the proposed fare of the Indian Railway’s super luxury class ‘Anubhuti’ is expected to cost about Rs 6000/-. How very funny…! This is a train fare in a country like India that has been listed as one of the poorest countries in the world. How the government is going to help the more than 80% of the Indian poor population with ‘Anubhuti’.  
  3. The manufacturing facilities and infrastructure is proposed to be developed in Rae Bareli, the most favorite place for Congress party. It would be relevant to mention here that Rae Bareli is the constituency represented by Sonia Gandhi. Rae Barely is being promoted as It has been the constituency for Feroze Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, and Sonia Gandhi also. 
  4. Introduction of ‘Anubhuti’ class has proved that class discrimination is obviously present in India. Where the Trains in British India had four classes: first class, second class, intermediate class and third class; the Indian government has introduced six classes in Indian trains. They are Anubhooti (Super Luxury) class, AC First Class, AC Second Class, AC Third Class, Sleeper Class and General Class. Is India a democracy or apartheid? 
  5. Even the upper middle class Indians will not be able to afford the super luxury class Anubhuti. This extravagant luxury will be enjoyed by the ministers, MPs. MLAs and senior bureaucrats who are provided with free passes. Therefore,  the introduction of the super luxury Anubhuti class is going to increase government’s expenditure manifold. 
  6. The Indian government and the Indian Railways should improve upon the quality, facilities and services in the existing classes in the trains rather than introducing the 6th class in the trains. 
  7. India needs additional 100 odd new trains for addressing the ongoing problems faced by the Indian passengers, rather than going for super luxury class in a super starving country like India. 

26 February 2013

Indian Railway Minister’s Rail Budget 2013: Main Highlights and common people’s comments on the same

© Harish Jharia

Here are the main highlights of the Rail Budget 2013 as presented by the Indian Railway Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal. There are common people’s comments alongside of each point:
  1. No hike in passenger fares: How very funny? This is an utter lie. The fairs have been hiked in a deceiving manner. 
  2. Tatkal charges imposed on emergency booking of tickets: Imposing extra charges on Tatkal booking of ticket is an open exploitation of the needy passengers who need to book tickets in emergency situations, for example emergency treatment of patients in serious condition, death of near and dear ones, attending interviews for jobs and admission to educational institutes etc. 
  3. Eight more companies of women RPF personnel to be raised:  Why not male RPF companies be raised and making them more accountable. Who will protect the women RPF personnel on-board the running trains?  
  4. 67 new Express, 26 new passenger trains, 8 DEMU services, 5 MEMU services to be introduced: 57 trains to be extended; frequency of 24 trains to increase: This is the most important point that has not been almost ignored. The railway minister should have increased frequency of all the trains to 7 days per week that are running less than 7 days a week.  Introducing 93 new trains in the second most populous country in the world, is a very poor proposition, where each train runs full capacity every day, leaving behind hundreds of wait-list passengers and thousands those who even do not figure in wait-lists   
  5. 72 additional suburban services in Mumbai and 18 in Kolkata: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  6. Winners of Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna and Dhyan Chand awards to get free first class passes: Oh! Really? Minister Sir, why to Rajeev Gandhi award winners and why not to all the national award winners? Has the budget has anything to do with a particular Congress leader.
  7. Complementary first class passes for parents of unmarried posthumous awardees of Maha Vir Chakra, Vir Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Shaurya Chakra: That is really good proposition. 
  8. Complementary passes of freedom fighters to be renewed every three years instead of annually: Oh! Really? Minister Sir, what is so great in it to figure in the annual budget?
  9. New forged wheel factory at Rae Bareli in collaboration with Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd: Why at Rae Barely and why not somewhere else in starving Bundelkhand or Kalahandi where starving poor use to eat grass seeds and burnt rodents. 
  10. Greenfield Mainline Electrical Multiple Units (MEMU) manufacturing facility at Bhilwara along with Rajasthan government and BHEL: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  11. Coach making unit at Sonepat in collaboration with Haryana government: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  12. 1.51 lakh vacancies to be filled up: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  13. Azadi Express for travel to places associated with freedom struggle: Minister Sir, please do not play with the feelings of patriots “places associated with freedom struggle” cannot be singled out as the struggle was fought in the entire British India including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Burma… so on and so forth.  
  14. Free Wi-Fi to be provided on some trains: How is it going to benefit the rest of the 95% passengers who do not travel with laptops and do not use smartphones? 
  15. 179 escalators and 400 lifts at A 1 and other select stations: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  16. E-ticketing through mobile phones: Oh! Really? Minister Sir, does this facility not already in practice for online reservations?
  17. SMS alerts for passengers on reservation status: Oh! Really? Minister Sir, this facility is already there for online reservations.
  18. Next generation e-ticketing system by end of 2013: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  19. Introduction of Train Protection Warning System on Automatic Signalling Systems: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  20. Rigorous trials of indigenously developed Train Collision Avoidance System: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  21. Introduction of 160/200 kmph Self Propelled Accident Relief Trains: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay.  
  22. Elimination of 10,797 level crossings during the 12th Plan and no addition of such crossings: This is a welcome step that should be implemented without any delay. 
  23. Six more Rail Neer purified water bottling plants to be setup: This is a welcome step; moreover, cost of the bottle should be kept Rs 10/- or less. 

24 February 2013

Infertility Treatment (गर्भधारण में रुकावट का उपचार) by IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) or ‘Test Tube Baby’ Treatment

                                3 Stages of IVF: 
1. Extraction of egg, 2. Fertilization with sperm, 3. Implant of embryo in uterus   

Infertility Treatment (गर्भधारण में रुकावट का उपचार) by IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) or ‘Test Tube Baby’ Treatment

© Harish Jharia

Why do we want to have children? 

A man and a woman marry to launch a family that consists of husband, wife and children. These are the three essential ingredients, in absence of any one of them, a family is considered incomplete. Mere presence of children makes a family colorful, charming, exciting and enchanting. A child carries our legacy, linage and genetic generations. 

How and when children are born:

We all know the process of reproduction out of which children are born in our families. Nevertheless, the age of the parents is the most crucial factor that decides the capability of the mother and father to reproduce a child.  The most suitable and fertile age for women is between 18 to 27 years. After the age of 27 her fertility starts declining and ends with the menopause somewhere around 50 years.   Similarly, the fertility in men is considered to be at its peak between 18 to 35 years of age that depletes thereafter until they reach the stage of male-menopause approximately at 55-60 years. 

Therefore, it is obviously clear that the youngsters should plan their marriage and bear children as long as the women is well within the age bracket of 18 to 27 and the men within 18 to 35 year slot.  Beyond the above age brackets, not only fertility of parents depletes, even there are possibilities of birth defects like 'Down Syndrome' in the children born to aged parents. 

What can be done if motherhood is not practicable in younger age? 

Postponement of motherhood has been made possible by freezing the prospective mother’s eggs, well in advance in her 20s, under controlled laboratory conditions. Harvesting of eggs enables young women to fulfill their professional and corporate commitments and become mothers at a later age and at their convenience.  

What factors are responsible for depleted fertility of women? 

After the age of approximately around 27, the fertility of women starts depleting as the rate of production and quality of eggs reduces, successively, with their biological age. Many women develop blockage in their Fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes are conduit pipes that carry eggs, every month, from the two ovaries to the uterus and help the process of bearing a child. But, in case of blocked Fallopian tubes the eggs are not able to reach the uterus and the woman is rendered unable to bear a child. 

How to bear a child after crossing the most fertile age slot:

As discussed in the preceding paragraphs, the fertility of a woman is at its peak within the age slot of 18 to 27. After that age, motherhood becomes difficult (गर्भधारण में रुकावट) for women who marry in their 30s. In such cases most of the women who suffer from infertility problems opt for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment. 

What is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment? 

The term 'In Vitro', is a Latin word that means "Within the glass".  This treatment is more popularly known as ‘test tube baby’ treatment.  In the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment, mother’s eggs are extracted from ovaries and fertilized with sperm outside her body in glass containers such as petri dishes, under controlled environmental conditions in biological laboratories. The fertilized egg that eventually develops into an embryo is then transferred to   mother’s uterus. 

Selection, preparation, Fertilization of Eggs and Embryo culture:

The most healthy and suitable eggs out of the extracted eggs from the mother’s ovaries are carefully selected for fertilization in the laboratory. These selected eggs are then thoroughly cleaned of the surrounding unwanted cells and placed in petri dishes for fertilization with healthy and active sperms. 

The carefully selected eggs and sperms are then incubated together at a ratio of about 1:75000 in the culture media for duration of about 18 hours. Generally, in most of the cases, the egg will be fertilized in 18 hours and the fertilized egg will show up symptoms of the same.  The fertilized egg is then passed on to a special growth medium and left there for a period of about 48 hours until the egg develops into six to eight cells embryos.

Implant of embryo in the uterus:

Once the embryos are fully fertilized, the prospective mother will be called to the IVF facility and the doctors will transfer one or more embryos into her uterus. This procedure of implant is a bit quicker and easier than the complicated retrieval of egg from ovaries. The doctor will insert a catheter through her cervix and into the uterus, where the embryos are eventually implanted. 

Most of the IVF experts recommend implanting more than one embryo at a time to increase the chances of pregnancy. Nevertheless, multiple embryo implants may result into multiple pregnancies, delivering twins or more.  After the implant, the prospective mother would be required to stay in bed for four to six hours. 

About two weeks after the embryo implant, the doctors would preferably perform a pregnancy test on the mother for ensuring the success of the IVF treatment 

Bollywood celebrities opted for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) rather than remaining childless and declared the same to the world:

Many celebrities in the world have opted for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) rather than remaining childless throughout their lives. Most of them have preferred to give wide publicity of the same to encourage people of the world to go for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) and have their own children, rather than being childless couples. 

Among Indian film celebrities, most of the film stars who married late could not bear children. Nevertheless, some of them have opted for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) recently and become proud parents. The world famous Bollywood actor and producer Amir khan and the famous director, choreographer and actor Farah Khan are the two celebrities who have proudly declared that they have recently got children out of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization).

The most celebrated couple Aamir Khan and wife Kiran Rao have proudly announced to the world about the arrival of their baby boy, ‘Azad’ by IVF and through a surrogate mother; whereas, another well-known celebrity Farah Khan has become mother of triplets named Czar, Diva and Anya through IVF (In Vitro Fertilization).

Watch YouTube Video of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) animation
This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on professional or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia

21 February 2013

HD Video: 3D animation of how IVF works

                              3D animation of how IVF works

Read a detailed article on IVF: Infertility Treatment (गर्भधारण में रुकावट का उपचार) by IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) or ‘Test Tube Baby’ Treatment 

02 February 2013

Death Sentence for Rape + Murder: Cabinet clears ordinance to curb crimes against women based on the recommendations of Justice Verma Committee

- Harish Jharia

In an attempt to defuse public anger against Indian government over the Delhi gang rape incident, the Union Cabinet on Friday passed an Ordinance providing death sentence to rapists who kill their victims or render them to vegetative state.

The government has overstepped Justice Verma Committee’s recommendations that advised life sentence until natural death. The Union cabinet took this historic action just 20 days ahead of the Parliament session.

The Union Cabinet categorically replaced the name of the crime ‘rape’ with a more meaningful terminology of ‘sexual assault’ to make the legislation gender-neutral. 

A maximum penalty of imprisonment for the remainder of natural life has been prescribed in aggravated cases of rape. Stiffer sentences for crimes like stalking, voyeurism and disrobing a woman have also been incorporated as suggested by the committee.

A woman can also claim her right to private defense in case she kills the accused who attempted to throw acid on her. 

Following are the most noticeable provisions in the in the Ordinance accepted by the Union Cabinet:

Main provisions present in the ordinance:
  1. Death sentence to rapists who kill their victims or render them to vegetative state (मृत तुल्य स्तिथि).
  2. Replaced the name of the crime from ‘rape’ with a more meaningful terminology of "sexual assault" to ensure the legislation must be gender-neutral.
  3. Maximum penalty of remainder of natural life behind bars for other aggravated cases of rape
  4. Sentence of 1-3 years for stalking (यौन प्रेरित पीछा करना) or voyeurism (यौन प्रेरित तांक-झाँक), 
  5. Sentence of 3-7 years for disrobing (कपड़े उतारना) woman
  6. Sentence of maximum 5 years for any inappropriate touch of a sexual nature
  7. Sentence of 10 years to life term for acid attacks; 
  8. Rape victim can claim her right to self-defense if she kills the attacker in the scuffle. 
Main Provisions Recommended By Justice Verma Committee But Missing From the Ordinance:
  1. Making marital rape (विवाहित जीवन में बलात्कार) an offence
  2. Fixing vicarious criminal responsibility on superior of a force in case his junior commits a sexual offence
  3. Removing need for sanction in cases of sexual offences in areas under the armed forces special powers act
  4. Banning politicians from contesting polls against whom a court has taken cognizance of a criminal case

Kamal Hasan's Mega budget film on global terrorism 'Vishwaroopam' released across the world except in Tamilnadu State of India:

© Harish Jharia

Vishwaroopam is a 2013 Indian spy thriller film written, directed and co-produced by Kamal Haasan with his brother Chandra Hasan. The lead tole has been played by Kamal Hasan that also has Pooja Kumar, Rahul Bose, Andrea  Jeremiah and Jaideep Ahlawat in supporting roles. Vishvaroopam has also been made simultaneously in Hindi with the title Vishwaroop.  The music of Vishvaroopam has been composed by Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy, with lyrics written by Vairamuthu and Haasan himself while Javed Akhtar translated them for the Hindi version.

Vishwaroopam is the first Indian film and second film worldwide after Red Tails (2012), to using the latest hi-tech Auro 3D sound technology. 

(Auro-3D is a revolutionary means of delivering audio that wraps you in a cocoon of life-like sound. For the first time, you will experience the sensation of sounds coming from around as well as above you.)

The film has been released on 25 January 2013 worldwide (except in Tamil Nadu). It is reported that some Tamil Muslim groups have protested against the reported portrayal of Islamic terrorist outfits like Al Qaida in the film.  Subsequently, the Tamilnadu government imposed ban on its release. 

Subsequently, Kamal Hasan has criticized the government for their unjustified ban, without watching the movie. Many film fraternities from Bollywood and the Central Board of Film Certification have come out openly in criticizing the Tamilnadu government’s undemocratic ban on Vishvaroopam in spite of having certified as ‘fit for screening in Indian cinema theaters’ by the Indian Censor Board.  

Story of Vishvaroopam:

The story (as understood from the information collected from internet) of Vishvaroopam has been set in the Unite States, where a nuclear Oncologist Nirupama, (played by Pooja Kumar) consults a psychiatrist about her tough relationships with her husband, Viswanath (played by Kamal Haasan). 

Nirupama’s husband Vishvanath is a Kathak dancer by profession. In fact she married to Vishvnath with a dedicated aim of getting immigrated to the US and gear up her career in nuclear science. 

Meanwhile, after marrying Vishvnath and shifting to the US, she starts developing romantic relations with her boss Omar, (played by Rahul Bose). In fact, Omar is a terrorist having strong links with Al-Qaida, having deadly terrorist plans against the United. 

The story moves on with the love triangle of Nirupama, Omar and Vishwanath in the backdrop of an international terrorist network and a determined fight against the global threat against humanity.  

What is the justification for banning the movie?

The following points come in our mind in response to this question:
  1. State government’s ban is not justified when the movie has been certified by the Central Board of Film Certification as ‘suitable for public viewing’ in India. 
  2. This point cannot be discussed here anymore because the case is under consideration in  the court of law. 
  3. It is hard to understand as to how the Muslim organizations came to know about the anti-Muslim shots and dialogues in the film without watching the movie. 
  4. The Tamilnadu Chief Minister mentioned about a dialogue, in the film, expressing possibilities of the opposition leader Karunanidhi becoming the Prime Minister of India. This political crossfire might have prompted the ruling party politicians to oppose the movie Vishvaroopam. 
  5. Indian Muslims and the Muslims across the world neither support the terrorist organizations like Al-Qaida, nor do they like to be parts of them. The reason behind this is that the followers of all the religions are attacked and killed by Islamic terrorists, including innocent Muslims.
  6. This is a coincidence that the global terrorist organizations are dominated by Islamic radicals. That doesn’t mean that the world is looking with suspicion at Muslims in general. 
  7. It has been proved that Afghanistan was dominated and governed by Terrorist organizations headed by Osama Bin Laden. The common people of Afghanistan were prisoners in their own country. They were exploited, killed and molested by the dominating radical groups.