Harish Jharia

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30 May 2010

How To Use, Operate And Maintain Air-Conditioners:

Window Airconditioner


© Harish Jharia


There are various types of air-conditioning systems. The most expensive system is central air-conditioning that is installed in malls, offices, factories, assembly shops, cinema halls, private hospitals and corporate offices. This system is also installed in big residential buildings like bungalows, villas and farmhouses in Indian metropolitan cities and in western countries. 


In this system the air-conditioning plant is installed at one centralized place and the cooled air is carried to different parts of the building with the help of propellers and insulated ducts. The control panel for maintaining the temperature and for customizing the timings of operation is also provided at a centralized place from where it is easy for the users to feed commands on the microprocessor for various operations.  


We are not going into details of this type of centralized air-conditioning in this article. We will rather discuss the air-conditioners that are used in homes in India and in other countries of Southeast Asia. These air-conditioners are usually used by upper middle class and by the people in the higher income bracket. 


There are two types of Domestic air-conditioners, the first one is window air-conditioner and the other is called split conditioner. The window air-conditioners are single unit machines in which the cooling system and the dispensing port are integrated in one single box. Whereas, in the split air-conditioners the cooling machine and the dispensing port are placed separately. 


How the room air is cooled: 


The cooling unit is in fact a refrigeration unit that cools the radiator of the AC down to a desired temperature. Then an air propeller sucks the room air and passes the same through the chilled radiator.  When the room air is passed through the chilled narrow passages of the radiator it loses its heat and gets cooled. Eventually, the air-conditioner releases cooled / chilled air. The air propeller recycles the room air through the radiator and when this recycling continues for some time the temperature of the room comes down to a predefined desired level comfortable for the inhabitants in that room. 


How the temperature is controlled:


The air-conditioners are equipped with thermostats for controlling the temperature of the AC. Thermostats are typical customized thermometers that are installed on the radiators for sensing its temperature. On the other end of the thermostats electronic / digital temperature selector is installed. Now when the user feeds a command for a particular temperature, the thermostat keeps operating an electronic switch / circuit breaker in order to switch-off the system when the temperature goes down below the desired level. In the similar way the circuit breaker switches on the cooling when the temperature of the AC increases above the desired level. 


How to operate temperature control


Air-conditioners are provided with temperature range between 18 degrees C to 30 degrees C, because, human beings feel more comfortable within this temperature range.  While operating the temperature control the users should better fix it at 26 degrees C. By doing so, on one hand they will feel comfortable and on the other hand the power will also be saved.  


The room will have unbearable chill if the thermostat is adjusted at a much lower temperature and eventually the users will have to cover their bodies with comforters. At the same time the power consumption will also be excessively high because the cooling process will work for a longer period.  


Care and maintenance of Air-conditioners: 


Air-conditioners draw higher current that is 10 to 15 Amperes. Therefore it should be connected to the power line. Air-conditioners should never be connected directly to the wall socket. They should be connected through voltage stabilizers. In many countries including India the power supply to the homes are not duly stabilized and there are fluctuations in the incoming voltage. The voltage stabilizer ensures supply of 120 volts + /- 10 volts for providing protection for the compressor of the air-conditioner. 


When the air propeller runs dust particles and other foreign bodies are also accompanied with the blast of the incoming room air. Air-conditioners have front grills with fine meshes provided for filtering out foreign particles from entering the radiator. These particles are deposited on the fine mesh and we are expected to clean the mesh at least twice a month for making way for the incoming air into the radiator. 


It is also required to get thorough servicing done annually for enhancing the life of the air-conditioner. The cooling portion is kept out / protruded out of the room because it generates enormous heat. In addition in humid areas the cooling portion of air-conditioned releases water collected out of condensation of the moisture from the incoming room air. Proper outlet for this water has to be provided so that it does not spill on the ground / floor underneath the air-conditioner. 


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Disclaimer:
This article / Story / fiction is written based on my personal observations. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. Names of people, societies, communities and description of faiths, beliefs, incidents are imaginary and fictitious. They have neither any relevance to the prevailing entities and traditions nor have any similarities with ongoing lifestyles, political ideologies and legal doctrines. The contents of this creative work has not been written with any intention to criticize, condemn or oppose anything what-so-ever present in reality in any country in the world. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on scientific, geographical, political, civic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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27 May 2010

CBSE Class 10 Results- 2010

CBSE 10th Class Results 2010


Indian National Board for Secondary Schools 
officially called as



Here is the good news that CBSE Results for class 10 have been declared.
Follow the following official links to the relevant site for checking your result in class 10th

Enter your Roll Number and get the result... 
Senior School Certificate Examination (Class X) Results 2010... 


Click this CBSE Link: 

26 May 2010

U. P. Board Class XII 2010 Results

U. P. Board Intermediate (Class XII) Examination - 2010 Results

Announced on 27th May 2010 at 12.00 Noon

by

National Informatics Centre (NIC)
Uttar Pradesh State Unit, Lucknow
Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
Government of India

Click the NIC Link
to find your result...

25 May 2010

IIT JEE Results 2010:

IIT JEE Results 2010:
JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (JEE)



Here is a good news that IIT JEE Results for admission to IITs are being declared today on 26 May 2010.

Please go through the following official link to their relevant site for checking your results


Enter your Roll Numbers and get the results instantly...



Click this IIT JEE Link: 


Right Posture While Typing On Computer:

Crazy Ideas:


Right Posture While Typing On Computer:


There is always a better way to do any thing in our day-to-day routine life. Working on computer is also a job that needs to be taken seriously, if we work for prolonged periods.


Following are a few suggestions for adapting a right posture while typing on your computer:


1. Do not lean back or stretch-out your legs while typing, because by doing so, your respiration will be adversely affected.
2. Sit upright, resting your back with a vertically fixed backrest with proper lumber support for protecting your spine against strain.
3. You may also rest both of your feet right beneath your body on the base of your chair for keeping your body upright with ease.
4. Keep you key board as near as possible to the height of your elbow.
5. Operate the keys at left-half of your keyboard with your left hand and use your right hand for the right side of your keyboard.
6. Use at least three fingers each of both of your hands and thumbs for the space bar.


-Harish Jharia

22 May 2010

Mangalore air crash:

Mangalore, India air crash: 

Air India flight IX-812 from Dubai to Mangalore crashed while landing at the Mangalore airport.

  1. Time of crash: about 5:30  am  Saturday, 22 May 2010. 
  2. Causalities: Over 150 lives were lost in the tragedy.
  3.  Survivors: eight passengers escaped who were thrown out of the plane when its body cracked while it hit an antenna.  They could have escaped because when the plane split open at the edge of the cliff some passengers were tossed out from the plane before it crashed into the valley.
    For detailed information please click on this link:

    CBSE Results 2010: India

    CBSE Results 2010: 

    Indian National Board for Secondary Schools, officially called as 
    Central Board of Secondary Education

    Here is the good news that CBSE Results for class 12 have been declared.
    Follow the following official links to the relevant site for checking your result in class 12th

    Enter your Roll Number and get the result... 

    Senior School Certificate Examination (Class XII) Results 2010... 

    Click this CBSE Link: 


    15 May 2010

    Reading may reduce your mental worries and stresses:

    Crazy Ideas...


    Photobucket


    Reading may reduce your mental worries and stresses:


    We search for a meditation expert or a yoga instructor for finding out an exercise that might reduce our mental stresses and reinstate peace of mind that we had in our early age. 


    All the yoga postures and meditations have the same basic formulae for reducing or eliminating mental stresses. They concentrate our mind at peace or distract our thinking process away from our mental biases like ego, prejudices and temperamental disturbances.


    Reading is an effective stress buster. Read books, magazines or even news papers. You will find that as long as you keep reading your stresses are considerably reduced. 


    Remember your student life or early young age when you read books at night and unknowingly used to slip into deep sleep while reading. Remember the age old way of reading religious book for seeking peace of mind. 


    © Harish Jharia

    11 May 2010

    Mothers’ Day vis-à-vis Valentines’ Day

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    © Harish Jharia

    There are many globally accepted celebrating days that are considered no less than any festivals. Mothers’ day and valentines day are the two most important and widely celebrated days across the world. Internet usually gets flooded with messages and various featured contents and articles relating to these festive Days are published. Flower vendors, greeting card shops, jewelry outlets, malls and gift shops do roaring business on these Days to the tune of billions across the globe.

    Both of these Days are so very popular because they are directly connected to human emotions of the masses. There is a huge crowd of people who celebrate valentines’ day in spite of the fact that they just do not know the meaning of valentine. Yet, they try to find-out someone to present a red rose.  They approach to their roommates, classmates, friends, family members and also to their parents for wishing a happy valentines’ day.

    Valentines’ day stands for the feeling of romance where as mothers’ day signifies compassion and care. My aim for writing this article is to compare the quantum of celebration between “Valentines’ Day” and “Mothers’ Day”. If we look around us we will find that both these Days are the most popular festive days; yet, valentines’ day scores by double the festivities over mothers’ day. There is apparently an upper hand of romance over compassion.


    If fact our thinking pattern has drastically changed. Most of us think that the life is a cup of coffee. Enjoy it as long as it is hot. Our thinking process has so very narrowed down that that we just see and visualize whatever is visible right in front of our eyes. We forget that there is an entire world if you turn your eyeballs to the corners of your eyes. There is a world beyond the frontiers of our thoughts if we turn our head around.

    On internet we just search out for a chat box and spot out some stranger online and go ahead with exchanging wishful thoughts, eventually landing ourselves in a dream world of passive romance. We even do not know whether the person on the other end of the line is a male or a female or is a school kid, youngster or older than our parents. It is just a sort of deceiving ourselves by creating a mirage and imagining ourselves in a comfortable situation. We feel so very happy in this solitude that we cut ourselves off from our family members, friends and other entities in the real life. We get used to live in an imaginary world.

    Films, TV serials, novels and stories featured and published in the media are mainly based on some or the other romantic themes. It appears that there is nothing except romance in the world and in our lives. I have rarely seen any such media production or publication with a central theme of relations with father or mother. There might be rarest of the rare films like “The old man and the sea”.

    There was a report in a section of press that a young girl of a billionaire setout on an adventurous married life with a common man who did not even earn a living for surviving alone in this corporate world. That girl happens to be the daughter of a film star who portrayed such adventurous characters glorifying romantic relations between the rich and the paupers. The climax of this romantic story was far different than those portrayed in the films by the actor father as he publicly condemned that romantic alliance and went to the extent of disowning his daughter.

    We keep searching around for peace of mind in yoga classes and meditation centers. There are many ‘babas’, gurus, and god men running ashrams and conducting discourses in gatherings of thousand who participate in such events by paying donations in thousands. Yet we just forget that the peace of mind is right there at our home in the feather touch of mother, in the warm hug of father and in the environment of the greatest institution in the world the family. Be with your family. Mix-up with the family members, talk to them and share your worries and cheers with them.

    My purpose of writing this article is not to discourage you from celebrating valentines' day. I have just tried to encourage the readers to celebrate mothers’ day in much more festivities than we do today.

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    Disclaimer:
    This article / Story / fiction is written based on my personal observations. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. Names of people, societies, communities and description of faiths, beliefs, incidents are imaginary and fictitious. They have neither any relevance to the prevailing entities and traditions nor have any similarities with ongoing lifestyles, political ideologies and legal doctrines. The contents of this creative work has not been written with any intention to criticize, condemn or oppose anything what-so-ever present in reality in any country in the world. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on scientific, geographical, political, civic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
    - Harish Jharia
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    npad

    04 May 2010

    Senior Citizens... Old age, Menopause: Mothers and mothers-in-law


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    © Harish Jharia


    Mother-in-law is an entity that is projected in negative characters in films, soap operas on TV and in general discussions. Internet forums are flooded with questions asking ways for getting rid of mothers-in-law. You will find this trend in the audiovisual media in western world as well as in the eastern showbiz also. In homes daughters-in-law feel their lives interfered by the old ladies and sons-in-law feel their lives intruded with the presence of their mothers-in-law.


    School students usually dislike their old lady headmaster and children very often have altercations with their grandmothers on various day-to-day life incidents like grabbing the remote control while watching TV. It is a common belief among youngsters that there is a wide generation gab between them and their aging mothers. 


    We just ignore these widening rifts between younger generation and the aging women in our families and societies. Nevertheless, this is a matter of serious concern that younger kids keep clinging to their mothers, whereas, on entering their adulthood their attachment with their mothers reduces to the minimal. As the offspring grow older they successively establish a wider generation gap with their mothers whom they loved the most all along their early lives.


    On analyzing the above described examples it is apparently clear that the common factor in all these cases is ‘ the old women in their fifty plus age’.


    Most of us do not know that women are bound to undergo overall physical and mental changes due to drastic hormonal disturbances at the age of around fifty. These age related problems eventually result in many sicknesses and these physical and psychological ailments are so very personal that aging women cannot share or discuss them with others.


    Usually at fifty plus age all the women have to face the most painful period of their life called ‘Menopause’. Menopause can be better understood if we compare it with puberty. Girls enter the most awaited period of their life called puberty that eventually introduces them to the divine age of early womanhood. Similarly women enter the age of menopause, just opposite to puberty that eventually bids farewell to their motherhood.


    Following is the list the common problems that women face at fifty plus age:


    1. Hot flashes, flushes
    2. Cold flashes
    3. Night sweats
    4. Irregular periods and menstrual irregularities
    5. Mood swings
    6. Sudden tears
    7. Fatigue
    8. Hair loss and thinning of hair
    10. Growth in facial hair
    11. Sleep disorders
    12. Difficulty in concentrating, disorientation and mental confusion
    13. Disturbing memory lapses
    14. Dizziness and loss of balance
    15. Weight gain
    16. Allergies
    18. Bouts of rapid heart beat
    19. Depression and Anxiety
    21. Irritability
    22. Panic and feelings of dread
    25. Breast pain
    26. Headaches
    27. Aching muscles and tendons
    28. Sore joints
    29. Burning sensation in tongue and roof of mouth
    32. Electric shock sensation under the skin and in the head
    33. Digestive problems, indigestion, flatulence
    34. Gum problems, increased bleeding


    For detailed description of the above problems and ailments please visit... "34 Menopause Symptoms... " webpage.


    You may also visit "Girls and Puberty"... webpage and compare menopausal changes with the changes taken place during puberty.


    I have not published this article to study puberty and menopause that are the most important turning points in women’s lives. My aim of writing this article is to remind the readers that the small baby girl who brings dazzling glow in the family will have to eventually grow-up into an old woman and face all the catastrophes of old age.


    We have learnt about all the hardships, pains and frustrations faced by mothers and grandmothers in their old age. Now let us jot-down the precautions and remedial measures we need to take for taking care of our mothers, mothers-in-law and grandmothers.


    Following are the probable ways and means to make our mothers and grandmothers more comfortable:


    1. Men and women in their old age turn into small children and are required to be taken care of with love, care and compassion.
    2. With the advancement in their age they become more and more touchy. They would be hurt with a negligible emotional injury. We will have to be careful while interacting or dealing with them.
    3. They might develop urge for eating and drinking tasty stuff. We need to offer them these foods and drinks, rather then asking for their choice
    4. They might lose their temper for any unexpected reason. We should learn to tolerate their emotional and temperamental outbursts.
    5. They may develop rigid concepts that might not look reasonable. We should either learn to tolerate all that or should be expert enough to motivate them to voluntarily change their thinking pattern.
    6. They might remind us about our day-to-day routine jobs, in spite of the fact that we are grown up and know our jobs well. Yet, it would be a 'feel good factor' for them, if we acknowledge their reminders and flash a sweet thankful smile in return
    7. They might feel lonely because of the busy schedule of other family members. We need to spare time for sitting with them and exchange some pleasantries.
    8. It would be a good idea to provide them exclusive rooms equipped with all the facilities that other family members avail like TV, air-conditioner or cooler etc.
    9. We should make it sure that they take breakfast lunch and dinner along with other family members together
    10. We should not leave them alone at home whenever we go for an outing like, long drives, picnics, movies etc


    We have plenty of time to enjoy for your personal pleasure. Yet, we should never forget that whatever we are enjoying today that has been created by our mom and dad in exchange of losing on their own desires and dreams.


    Dedicated to mothers on the occasion of May 9th, Mothers' Day 2010.


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    Please also read a similar articles:
    "We and Our Parents"...
    ‘Postmenopausal Osteoporosis’...
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    Disclaimer:
    This article / Story / fiction is written based on my personal observations. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. Names of people, societies, communities and description of faiths, beliefs, incidents are imaginary and fictitious. They have neither any relevance to the prevailing entities and traditions nor have any similarities with ongoing lifestyles, political ideologies and legal doctrines. The contents of this creative work has not been written with any intention to criticize, condemn or oppose anything what-so-ever present in reality in any country in the world. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on scientific, geographical, political, civic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
    - Harish Jharia
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    npad