Harish Jharia

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31 October 2011

Halloween Celebrated On October 31: A Festival to Honor Martyrs and To Ward-Off Evil Spirits

Ashburn, Virginia, USA 


      Scary Halloween outfits

Halloween or Hallowe’en* is a contraction of "All Hallows' Evening" and is an annual festival observed around the world. Hallowveen is a festival honoring the dead saints and observed on October 31, the night preceding All Hallows Day. It is like the ‘day of the dead’ celebrations. This has ancient origins connected with the seasonal changes and coinciding the harvest time. 



Carved Pumpkins on Halloween 

Spanning the line between fall and winter that is ‘plenty’ and ‘paucity’ or ‘life’ and ‘death’, Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition. It is believed that Halloween had originated out of the ancient Celtic** festival of ‘Samhain’, when people used to light bonfires and wear fearsome costumes in order to ward off roaming ghosts and spirits.



Pumpkins in high demand on Halloween 

Pope Gregory III, in the eighth century, designated November 1 as an occasion to honor all saints and martyrs and incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain. The previous evening was known as All Hallows’ Eve and was later named as the present day ‘Halloween’

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Synonyms:
*Hallow= bless, consecrate, sanctify (Hindi- पूजना, पवित्र करना, पाक करना)
**Celtic = an Indo-European group of languages that includes Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, and Breton and has Brythonic and Goidelic subgroups. 
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29 October 2011

Pictures and Video of A Rare Natural Event: Snowfall in Ashburn, Virginia, USA on 29 October 20011

© Harish Jharia


My trip to the USA in 2011 has been quite special and exceptional as we witnessed snowfall in the month of October that is quite unusual and surely one of the unforgettable events.   Here are some pictures and a video shot at the beginning of the snowfall:  


             Click on the photo to see enlarged view


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            Click on the photo to see enlarged view


            Click on the photo to see enlarged view


video
               Click to play the video

All the pictures and video are shot on Nokia N8 12MPix mobile phone, at 1:00pm on 29 October 2011

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28 October 2011

TV Serial Review: Rajan Shahi’s Creation Color TV Serial ‘Hawan’ Cast:

- Harish Jharia


Hariom Babji:  Played by Narendra Jha, he is the central character of a spiritual head that is considered as Bhagwan (God) and worshiped by the people as one.

Atharv: Played by Kunal Verma, he is is the son of Hariom Babji and the most eligible bachelor in the current times. He is the fiancé of the young leading lady Aastha.


Aastha: She is an extremely beautiful girl; one of the main characters played by Shrenu Parekh and proposed to be married with Atharv. 


Madhav: He is a potter by profession; the character played Sanjay Swaraj is also the father of Aastha and husband of Lajo. 


Lajo: A powerful character played by Samta Sagar is the wife of Madhav and mother of Aastha. She has delivered her dialogues in chaste central Indian Bundeli dialect. 


Trishna: She is the eldest daughter-in-law of Hariom Babji, a negative character played by Shubhangi Atre Poorey 


Theme and Story:


Hariom Bapji, played by Narendra Jha, is a religious preacher and a spiritual healer. He commands great respect in that area and is worshiped by the people like Bhagwan (God). People display his picture in their places of worship at their residences along with other deities and gods and perform regular pooja. 


Astha, a beautiful young girl in her early twenties, is the daughter of a poor potter of the village. She is a selfless devotee of Hariom Babji who in turn recognizes her devotion and offers a marriage proposal between his son Atharv and her. He went all the way to Astha’s home and submitted the marriage proposal to her father Madhav.


The potter Madhav and his wife Lajo felt embarrassed on finding a celebrity like Hariom Babji at their door step. They could not believe their ears when Hariom Babjii initiated a marriage negotiation with them. Eventually, the marriage is fixed and preparations for the same are in progress. 


As usually happens in all the TV serials, three negative characters have initiated their activities. They are- Tishna, played by Shivangi  Atrey, the second son of Hariom Babji and a childhood friend of Astha.


Review: 


Rajan Shahi has selected a good theme, story and star cast. He launched the serial with lot of fanfare and the initial episodes really induced interest among the TV viewers. Hawan has an interesting theme of 'rags to riches' romantic journey of a beautiful simple girl born in a poor family of a village potter. The episode moves ahead with definite progression of emotional events and interesting incidents. The episodes involved the viewers with the story line and they started identifying themselves with the characters of the serial.  


Narendra Jha has played the character of Hariom Babji quite perfectly. He has portrayed the character so effectively that at some places it looks as if his expressions have influenced the character of Madhav, played by Sanjay Swaraj. Sanjay Swaraj should make it sure that Madhav’s expressions should look different from that of Hariom Babji.


Samata Sagar is playing the character of Lajo with exemplary expertise. Her humble expression and the down to earth simple body language are rarely found on TV screen. She delivers her dialogues in chaste central Indian Bundeli dialect with natural ease and perfect accent.  


Rajan Shahi has broken the ongoing dictate of women domination on Hindi TV programs and portrayed many male characters on the screen that was earlier crowded with women of all ages clad in multicolored outfits and wearing thick layers of loud makeup. Rajan deserves accolades for bringing back the natural look of Indian life and society displayed on the TV screen. 


Nevertheless, it appears that Rajan Shahi is now diverting from the main theme of the serial by glorifying the negative character of Trishna played by Shubhangi Atre Poorey. He has also inserted a rogue character, Neeraj, on 26 October 2011, in the attire of an armed forces (ASC) soldier and a childhood friend of Aastha. This person plays prolonged multiple irritating indecent acts and delivers dialogues in uncivilized tone while indulging in forced interaction with Astha.
  
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26 October 2011

Editors Page: Annual Indian Festival Diwali Greetings


Ashburn, Virginia, USA


Happy Diwali
(26 October 2011)

I, on behalf of “Discover Life” and on my own behalf, convey our best wishes to the visitors and members of Discover Life site, on the occasion of the festival of lights- ‘Diwali’. We wish all the very best health, wealth and fortune to all of you.  

- Harish Jharia 

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Read the latest article of year 2012 on Diwali
               The Biggest Festival of Hindus Diwali: Celebrating Victory of Good over Evil
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24 October 2011

Australia: National Flag and Basic Data:

                        Kangaroo

                     Sydney Opera

Go to Index... 
URL: http://harishjhariasblog.blogspot.com/search/label/Index%20National%20Flags
Country: Australia
Formal Name:  Commonwealth of Australia
Local Name: Australia
Local Formal Name: Commonwealth of Australia




Location: Oceania
Status: UN Member Country
Capital City: Canberra
Main Cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Hobart, Darwin
Population: 18,090,000
Area: 7,713,360 km2
Currency: 1 Australian dollar = 100 cents
Languages: English, Aboriginal languages
Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, others
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Link to World Flag Database Site: 
URL: http://www.flags.net/GERM.htm#nogo
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eNovel: Patthar Kii Ibaarat (Script of Stone) : Episode- 10

Ashburn, Virginia, USA


Exclusively written for “Discover Life”
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Copyright © 2011 [Harish Jharia] All Rights Reserved
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उपन्यास: पत्थर की इबारत © एपीसोड- 10

© हरीश झारिया

पिछले भाग की अंतिम पंक्तियाँ… 

इतना कहकर मिरगा बीर कूद्कर एक ही उछाल में अपने घोड़े पर सवार हो गया। उसने घोड़े की लगाम एक तरफ़ को खींची और एड़ लगा दी। घोड़ा हिनहिनाकर उछला और पीछे की ओर घूमकर कुलाँचें भरता हुआ दौड़ पड़ा। उसके अंगरक्षक भी बिजली की तेज़ी से पलटे और आँधी की गति से दौड़पड़े। एक पल में ही मिरगा बीर आँखों से ओझल हो गया और पीछे कबीले वाले मुंह बाए खड़े रह गए। सबकी नज़रें मिरगा बीर के घुड़सवारों द्वारा पीछे छोड़े गए धूल के गुबार पर टिकी रही…

और आगे…

कबीले वाले मिरगा बीर और उसके अंगरक्षकों के घोड़ों द्वारा पीछे छोड़े गए धूल के गुबारों पर तब तक नज़र टिकाए रहे जबतक कि घोड़ों के टापों की आवाज़ आती रही। मिरगा बीर के कबीले में सामाजिक अनुशासन और सरदार के प्रति इतना अधिक सम्मान व्याप्त था कि सरदार के जाने के बाद भी कई क्षणों तक सभा में सन्नाटा छाया रहा। 

सभा विसर्जन के बाद सबसे पहले परमा की माँ नौनी, जो महिला लड़ाका-प्रमुख भी थी, भीड़ से बाहर आई और उसने कबीले की महिलाओं को सभा से विसर्जित होने का संकेत दिया। उसका संकेत पाते ही सभी महिलाएं तेज़ी से अपने-अपने घरों की ओर रवाना होने लगीं। सभी को शीघ्र ही भोजन तैयार करने की चिंता लगी हुई थी। सूरज काफ़ी ऊपर तक चढ़ आया था और माँओं को अपने बच्चों की चिन्ता सताने लगी थी। दस वर्ष तक की आयु के सभी बच्चे अपने-अपने घरों में भूखे बैठे हुए थे। 

बच्चों की भूख के अतिरिक्त गृहणियों को गाय-बकरियों की भी चिंता सताने लगी थी जिन्हें दूसरे पहर तक पानी और चारा नहीं मिल पाया था। प्रतिदिन की तरह उस दिन प्रातःकाल, किशोरियाँ अपने-अपने परिवार के घरैलू पशुओं को पानी पिलाने नदी पर नहीं ले जा पाई थीं, नाही उन्हें चारा खिला पाई थीं। सभी घरों से बकरियों के मिमियाने और गायों के रम्भाने की आवाज़ें आने लगी थीं यही कारण था कि कुछ ही क्षणों में कबीले की महिलाएं और किशोरियां शीग्रता पूर्वक अपने-अपने घरों की ओर लगभग दौड़ती-भागती हुई रवाना हो गईं थीं।

कबीले के वयस्क पुरुष, युवक और किशोर धैर्यतापूर्वक घटनास्थल से महिलाओं की रवानगी की प्रतीक्षा कर रहे थे क्योंकि वे अपना प्रातःकालीन कार्य सम्पन्न कर चुके थे। युवक सुबह का आखेट कर चुके थे और अपनी-अपनी शिकार लाकर और काट-साफ़ कर कबीले के परिवारों तक पहुंचा चुके थे। उन्हें परमा के पिता और कबीले के लड़ाका-प्रमुख कोदू के आदेशों की प्रतीक्षा थी। सभी यह जानने के लिए उत्सुक थे कि मिरगा बीर ने कोदू के द्वारा क्या-क्या आदेश जारी किये थे। 

मिरगा बीर के बाद कोदू ही कबीले का सर्वेसर्वा था और सरदार के सभी आदेश कोदू से होते हुए ही आम लोगों तक पहुंचते थे। सरदार के आदेशों को लागू करने और कबीले में कानून-व्यवस्था बनाए रखने की जिम्मेदारी भी कोदू की ही थी। यहां तक कि मिरगा बीर के अंगरक्षक भी कोदू के अधिकारक्षेत्र में ही आते थे। कबीले में, मिरगा बीर के बाद कोदू की ही हुकूमत चलती थी क्योंकि उसके पास बेहिसाब विशेषाधिकार हुआ करते थे। वह विशालकाय मज़बूत कद-काठी का महावीर योद्धा था। मिरगा बीर के बाद कोदू ही एक धनुर्धर और तलवारबाज़ था जिसका दूर दूर तक कोई सानी नहीं था। यही कारण था कि कबीले के लोग उसे पूरा सम्मान देते थे और ‘कोदू बीर’ कहकर पुकारा करते थे। 

महिलाओं के जाने के बाद कोदू भीड़ से अलग निकलकर घेरे के बीचोंबीच खड़ा हो गया और उससे आठ-दस हाथ दूर, चारों ओर, घेरा बनाए हुए आगे की पंक्ति में लड़ाके चाक-चौबंद तैनात हो गए। उनके पीछे से बाकी कबीला वासी झांक-झांक कर कोदू की ओर ताकने लगे और उसके अगले आदेश की प्रतीक्षा करने लगे। पुरुषवर्ग के लिए सभा समाप्ति की घोषणा तब तक नहीं हुई थी जोकि कोदू को ही करनी थी। कोदू का विशालकाय हृटपुष्ट शरीर कबीले के करीब दो सौ पुरुषों के बीच बिलकुल अलग नज़र आ रहा था। उसकी कमर पर कसे चमड़े के पट्टे से दुधारी तलवार लटक रही थी, जो उसके शरीर में हो रही हरकत के साथ-साथ डोलती जा रही थी। पेड़ों की पत्तियों से छन-छन कर आती हुई सूरज की किरणें उसकी तलवार से टकराकर लोगों की आँखो को चौंधिया रही थीं। उसने बाँए हाथ में अपना भारी-भरकम धनुष मज़बूती से पकड़ रखा था और पीठ पर करीब 25-30 तीरों से भरा हुआ तरकश बाँध रखा था। 

पहले उसने चारों ओर घूम कर एक बार पूरी सभा का मुआयना किया; फ़िर घास पर पड़े बहुमूल्य रंगीन पत्थरों और स्वर्णजड़ित लाख की चूड़ियों की ओर देख कर ठिठक गया। उसने अग्रिम पंक्ति में खड़े हुए कढ़ोरी की ओर देखा और दाहिने हाथ को उठा कर तर्जनी से कुछ संकेत किया। प्रस्तर प्रतिमा की तरह स्थिर खड़े हुए कढ़ोरी के शरीर में एकाएक बादलों में कौंधती बिजली जैसी हरकत हुई और वह एक क्षण भर में स्वरणाभूषणों के पास पहुंच कर एक घुटना ज़मीन पर टिका कर बैठ गया। उसने वहाँ पड़ी स्वर्णजड़ित चूड़ियों और बहुमूल्य रत्नों को सावधानी पूर्वक उठाकर वहीं पड़ी हुई चमड़े की थैली में रख लिया और थैली को अपने कमर पट्टे में खौंस लिया। फ़िर वह उसी तेज़ी से वापस अपने स्थान पर जाकर खड़ा हो गया। 

कोदू, ध्यान पूर्वक कढ़ोरी के कार्यकलापों को देखता जा रहा था और कार्य समाप्ति पर उसने हल्के से मुस्कुराकर अपनी संतुष्टि प्रकट की। कढ़ोरी ने कोई प्रतिक्रिया व्यक्त नहीं की और एक अनुशासित सैनिक की भाँति वह पुनः अपने स्थान पर जाकर पत्थर की प्रतिमा की तरह स्थिर खड़ा हो गया। अगले ही क्षण कोदू ने मिरगा बीर का आदेश कबीले के लोगों को सुनाया और सभा विसर्जन की घोषणा कर दी। उसने कहा-
“सब कोई कान लगा कें सुनो… मिरगा बीर नें आज की पंचायत में सबसे जरूरी बात जे कही है की भूरा की सजा दो हिस्सों में चलहै (चलेगी)… एक तो भूरा हिन्ना के बच्छा की दबा-दारू और देख-भाल करहै और दूसरी बात जे है की भूरा रोज भुंसारैं (सुबह) पहाड़ की तराई में जाए करहै और नीचें सें ऊपर और ऊपर सें नीचें, दूसरे पहर तक दौड़ लगाए करहै। जे सजा के संगैं- संगैं भूरा तीर चलाबो भी सीखहै… जबतक की बो सिकार करबो ना सीख जाए। भूरा जौन दिना सिकार करके लैआहै बई दिना ओकी सजा पूरी होहै। मिरगा बीर नें जा भी बात भी कही है कि भूरा हे तीर चलाबो परमा सिखाहै। जितने दिन तक भूरा की दोई सजा चलहैं तब तक दिनऊगे सें दिनडूबे तक परमा भूरा के संगैं-संगैं लगौ रहहै।“ 

इतना कहकर कोदू एक पल के लिए रुका और फ़िए कुछ ऊंची आवाज़ मे बोला- 
“सबै कबीला बारे अब घरै चले जाएं… मनौ (परंतु), भूरा और परमा इतैं रुक जाएं।“

इतना कह कर कोदू ने एक गहरी साँस ली और घूम कर घायल हिरन की ओर मुड़ा। हिरन का घायल बच्चा ज़मीन पर बैठा हुआ ज़ोर-ज़ोर से साँसें ले रहा था। कोदू उसके नज़दीक पहुंचा और घुट्ने के बल बैठकर उसे हाथ से सहलाने लगा। सर पर हाथ फ़ेरते ही बछड़े के गले से हल्की सी कराह की आवाज़ निकली और उसने कोदू की ओर सर घुमाकर कातर आँखों से देखा। कोदू ने उसे प्यार से पुचकारा, धनुष ज़मीन पर रखा और अपने हाथों का सहारा देकर खड़ा करने का प्रयास किया। मृगशावक लडखड़ाकर अपने तीन पैरों पर खड़ा हो गया। उसने घायल पुट्ठे वाले पैर को ऊपर उठा रखा था जिसमें हल्का-हल्का कंपन हो रहा था। कोदू ने सर घुमाकर परमा की ओर देखा और बोला-
“परमा…! घाव गहरो है रे… मोहे तो लगत है कि डम्हा लगाने पड़है…”

बोल कर कोदू फ़िर बछड़े की ओर संवेदनापूर्ण भाव से देखने लगा। ‘डम्हा’ की बात सुनकर परमा और भूरा कोदू की ओर एकटक देखने लगे। कोदू बछड़े के सर को अपने दौनों हाथो में लेकर उसकी आँखों में आँखें डालकर जैसे बातें करने लगा। परमा अपने पिता के बगल में घुटना टेक कर बैठ गया और हिरन के घाव का आशंकापूर्वक निरीक्षण करने लगा। भूरा के चेहरे पर हवाइयाँ उड़ने लगीं और भय से उसकी आँखें फ़टी की फ़टी रह गईं। उसके मन में चल रही अपराध भावना और भी प्रचंड हो गई और उसका मन आत्मग्लानि से भर गया। 

वहाँ के वातावरण में संवेदना, भय, आशंका और आत्मग्लानि की भावनाओं का सहसा उदय ‘डम्हा’ के ज़िक्र के साथ ही हुआ था। ‘डम्हा’ एक अत्यंत ही तकलीफ़देह चिकित्सा की प्रक्रिया हुआ करती थी जो ताज़े घावों पर की जाती थी। जानकारों का ऐसा विश्वास था कि सही इलाज के अभाव में गहरे घावों के सड़ने की पूरी आशंका रहती है जिसके परिणाम स्वरूप रोगी की जान भी जा सकती है। ऐसी जानलेवा स्तिथि से बचने के लिए घाव पर डम्हा लगाया जाता था। डम्हा लगाने के बाद घाव शीघ्रता से भर जाया करता था और रोगी की मृत्यु की आशंकाएं समाप्त हो जाती थीं।

डम्हा लगाने के लिए पहले पानी से घाव पर लगी हुई मिट्टी और गंदगी को साफ़ किया जाता था और घाव पर बचे हुए पानी को पौंछा और सुखाया जाता था। डम्हा लगाने के लिए लोहे की हंसिया को आग पर लाल होने तक गरम किया जाता था। फ़िर लाल गर्म हँसिया की नोँक से खुले घाव की सतह को सावधानी पूर्वक जलाया जाता था। सही प्रक्रिया का पालन करने के लिए दो हँसिया एक साथ गरम किये जाते थे ताकि जबतक एक हँसिया से ड्म्हा लगाया जाए, तबतक दूसरा हसिया गरम हो जाए।  

डम्हा की प्रक्रिया अत्यधिक कष्टदायक होने के बावजूद, मनुष्य और पशु की मृत्यु से रक्षा करने के लिए इसे आवश्यक माना जाता था। इसकी कष्ट्दायक प्रक्रिया की कल्पना मात्र से ही कोदू जैसे आक्रामक योद्धा के मन में भी हिरन के प्रति संवेदना की भावना उत्पन्न हुई। परमा, जो लगभग हर तीसरे-चौथे दिन एक हिरन का शिकार किया करता था, वह भी डम्हा के नाम से एकाएक विचलित हो गया। भूरा का हाल तो और भी बुरा था, जो जीवित प्राणी के घाव पर लाल धधकते लोहे के स्पर्ष की कल्पना मात्र से ही भयाक्रंत हो गया था।  

कोदू यह बात भली भाँति जानता था कि घायल मृग के घाव पर अविलंब ही डम्हा लगाना ज़रूरी था। वह एकाएक उठ खड़ा हुआ और दौनों नवजवानों को चलने का संकेत देते हुए अपने घर की ओर लंबे-लंबे कदम रखता हुआ चल पड़ा। भूरा का बगुले के पंख जैसा सफ़ेद चेहरा सुबह की हल्की धूप से ही लाल सुर्ख हो गया था। आँखों पर प्रकाश पड़ने से उसे पलकें खोलने में परेशानी हो रही थी।  उसके शरीर की सफ़ेद त्वचा पर जगह-जगह खरोंच के निशान पड़े हुए थे। ह्ल्का पीलापन लिए हुए उसके सफ़ेद बाल पूरे चेहरे पर बिखरे हुए थे। उसने पीड़ित मृगशावक को अपने कंधों पर लाद लिया और उसके अगले और पिछले पैरों को अपने दाहिने और बाँए हाथों में मज़बूती से पकड़ लिया। फ़िर थोड़ा सा आगे की ओर झुक कर तेज़ी से कोदू के पीछे-पीछे हो लिया। भूरा की गतिविधियों पर नज़र रखते हुए और पीड़ित हिरन की सुरक्षा का ध्यान रखते हुए परमा भूरा के पीछे-पीछे चल पड़ा। 

तीनों की टोली कोदू के घर की ओर तेज़ी से बढ़ रही थी ताकि शीघ्र ही हिरन के घाव पर डम्हा लगाया जा सके। वे जैसे-जैसे कबीले के घरों के नज़दीक पहुँच रहे थे वैसे-वैसे माँस के भुनने की खुशबू और बाजरे की रोटियों के सिकने की सौंधी- सौंधी महक उनकी भूख भड़काती जा रही थी। कबीले की किशोरियाँ सर पर कलेवा की पोटलियाँ रखे हुए पालतू गाय-बकरियों के झुंड को हाँकते हुए चारे के मैदानोँ की ओर जाने लगी थीं। खेर माई के निकट, कबीले के कुत्ते झुंड से बाहर निकलने वाली बकरियों का पीछा कर उन्हें वापस झुंड में खदेड़ रहे थे। 

रोज़ की तरह, दूसरे पहर की गतिविधियों ने कबीले की हलचल को चरम सीमा पर पहुंचा दिया था। पर इन सबसे बेखबर कोदू की टोली घायल मृग को उठाए हुए तेज़ी से अपने गंतव्य की ओर बढ़ी जा रही थी। 

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शेष अगले अंक में क्रमशः
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Links to Episodes of “Patthar Kii Ibaarat”:
Opening Page:  Preface:  Introduction:  Episode-1:  Episode-2:  Episode-3:  Episode-4:  Episode-5:  Episode-6:  Episode-7:  Episode-8:  Episode-9: Episode-10: : Episode-11: Episode-12: Episode-13; Episode-14  
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Caution:
This creative work has been originally written by the author Harish Jharia who is the sole owner of the text and this intellectual property. This has been published on the personal Blog “Discover Life” of Harish Jharia at the URL: http://harishjhariasblog.blogspot.com/. No hyperlink to this novel “Patthar ki Ibaarat” (Script of Stone) has been provided nor any permission granted to any person, organization or site whomsoever, by the writer and owner of the copyright of this novel that is Harish Jharia. This novel has been published on the blog “Discover Life” for the visitors to this blog for their healthy reading and intellectual entertainment. The novel in whole, in part or as extracts should not be copied and or reproduced neither on internet, nor written on CDs nor printed on books, magazines newspapers and or in any media.
- Harish Jharia
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Disclaimer:
This is a work of fiction and all the characters, story, incidents, culture, social life, evolution, developments etc are all imaginary. This article / Story / fiction is written based on my personal observations and imagination. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. Names of people, societies, communities and description of faiths, beliefs, incidents are imaginary and fictitious. They have neither any relevance to the prevailing entities and traditions nor have any similarities with ongoing lifestyles, political ideologies and legal doctrines. The contents of this creative work have not been written with any intention to criticize, condemn or oppose anything what-so-ever present in reality in any country in the world. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on scientific, geographical, political, civic, social or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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24-अक्तूबर-2011
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Taiwan: National Flag and Basic Data:

         Chiang Kai Shek Memorial 

                           Taiwan

Go to Index... 
URL: http://harishjhariasblog.blogspot.com/search/label/National%20Flags%20Index 


Country: Taiwan
Formal Name: T'ai-wan
Local Name: Chung Hua Min Kuo





Continent: Asia
Status: Non-UN Country
Capital City: Taipei
Main Cities: Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, Keelung
Population: 20,563,000
Area: 35,740 km2
Currency: 1 new Taiwan dollar = 100 cents
Languages: Mandarin Chinese, Taiwanese
Religions: Buddhist, Taoist, Christian, Confucianist
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Link to World Flag Database Site: 
URL: http://www.flags.net/GERM.htm#nogo
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19 October 2011

US Republican Presidential Candidates are Undergoing ‘Primaries’ For 2012 Elections:

 Ashburn, Virginia, USA

US Capitol Building: The Center of Global Power


- Harish Jharia


The 57th quadrennial United States Presidential Election is going to be organized on November 6, 2012. The incumbent, President Barack Obama is going to contest in the elections for his second term as a Democrats’ candidate. The final candidate from the Republicans is yet to be decided out of a dozen plus prospective candidates declared by the Republicans. The 2012 Republican presidential primaries (preliminary stages of selection process) are in progress, in which members of the Republican Party will choose their final nominee / candidate for contesting against the incumbent President Barack Obama in the forthcoming 2012 presidential elections. 


One of the following Republican candidates will be selected for fielding against the incumbent US president Obama in the 2012 election. Brief information, about the Republican candidates as collected from various internet sites, is furnished as follows:




Rick Perry: James Richard "Rick" Perry, born on March 4, 1950 is currently the 47th Governor of Texas. A Republican, Perry was elected Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1998 and was elevated to governorship in December 2000, when incumbent governor George W. Bush resigned to become President of the United States. 





Mitt Romney: Willard Mitt Romney, born on March 12, 1947 is an American entrepreneur and politician. He was the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007. 





Michel Bachmann: Michele Marie Bachmann, born on April 6, 1956 is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives. She is holding this position since 2007 representing Minnesota's 6th congressional district.





Ron Paul: Ronald Ernest "Ron" Paul, born August 20, 1935 is an American medical doctor and author. Paul is currently a U.S. Congressman for the 14th congressional district of Texas, which comprises the area south and southwest of the Greater Houston region, including Galveston. 





Jon Huntsman: Jon Meade Huntsman, Jr, born March 26, 1960 is an American politician and diplomat who served as the 16th Governor of Utah. He also served in the administrations for four United States presidents.





Newt Gingrich: Newton Leroy "Newt" Gingrich, born on June 17, 1943 is an American politician who served as the 58th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. He represented Georgia's 6th congressional district as a Republican member from 1979 to 1999.





Herman Cain: Herman Cain, born December 13, 1945 is a business executive, syndicated columnist, and radio host from Georgia. He was the chairman and CEO of Godfather's Pizza and the chairman of Omaha Branch board 1989–91. He also worked with Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City as deputy chairman (1992–94) and chairman (1995–96). He also worked as a civilian mathematician in ballistics in the United States Navy. He lives in the Atlanta suburbs and serves as an associate minister at Antioch Baptist Church North.





Rick Santorum: Richard John "Rick" Santorum, born May 10, 1958 is a lawyer and former United States Senator representing the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He is a Republican and was the chairman of the Senate Republican Conference. He is considered a social as well as a fiscal conservative. He is also known for his stances on the U.S. invasion of Iraq, Social Security, intelligent design etc.




Charles ‘Buddy’ Roemer: Charles Elson "Buddy" Roemer III, born October 4, 1943 is a politician who also served as the 52nd Governor of Louisiana from 1988 to 1992. He was elected a Democrat but switched over to the Republican Party on March 11, 1991. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1981 to 1988.





Gary Johnson: Gary Earl Johnson, born January 1, 1953 is a businessman. He served as the 29th Governor of New Mexico from 1995 to 2003, and is known for his low-tax libertarian views and his regular participation in triathlons.


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16 October 2011

White Trails Formed Behind Air-crafts are Made of Tiny Ice Particles:


Ashburn, Virginia, USA

    Trails of tiny ice particles behind aircraft


- Harish Jharia


I always wondered why aircrafts flying in the sky leave white trails behind them in the sky and what exactly is there in the white stripes that keep the trails stay intact for quite some time. I, as a common man, always believed that the aircraft engines might be releasing huge quantity of smoke as exhaust gases that eventually form extended trails behind them. Nevertheless, I was never convinced with this theory because I knew well that smoke cannot form any defined shape; what to think of formation of a pair of straight parallel stripes out of a dark colored thinly composed polluted mixture of gases like smoke.    


    Qantas Boeing 747-400


I went through many books and internet sites; but, could not find any straightforward answer for this question. There were many difficult scientific terminologies like trails, contrails, chemtrail etc and chemical analytical reports of exhaust gases emanating from the exhaust ports. I could not understand all this explanations that also contained different weather conditions of temperature, humidity and clouds at different altitudes that also went right above my head. I simply thought as to how all these were connected with the white trail we see forming behind the planes in the sky. I, as a common man, wanted a convincing answer in layman’s simple language so that my doubts were cleared. 


The layman’s answer that I evolved: 


One fine morning in January winters I observed that the exhaust gases emanating from my car were looking like water vapor as we find escaping from the nozzle of tea cattle. It immediately struck in my mind that there was a catalytic converter installed at the exhaust port of my car that was converting Carbon Mono Oxide into water vapor. That means the white exhaust was nothing but water vapor that turned white after condensation in the chilling temperature of about 7 degrees Celsius outdoors. I imagined that if the temperature were at subzero level, the water vapor would have turned into ice particles.   


I think that a similar phenomenon might be working with the exhaust gases emanating from the aircrafts flying at high altitudes of 11000 meters and at subzero temperatures of as low as minus 70 degrees Celsius. Aircrafts like Qantas Boeing 747-400 release huge volumes of exhaust gases while flying at high altitudes like 35000 feet and at minus 70 degrees Celsius. The exhaust gases are inclusive of carbon monoxide that is converted into water vapor by catalytic convertors. This water vapor turns into fine particles of ice when exposed to minus 70 degree temperature. Being in solid state the ice particles create a defined formation of straight white stripes of trails behind the aircraft. 


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15 October 2011

Analytical Film-Review: Salman Khan in Atul Agnihotri & Reliance Blockbuster Bodyguard

Ashburn, Virginia, USA




- Harish Jharia


Cast and crew:
  1. Banner: Reel Life Production Pvt Ltd; Reliance Entertainment
  2. Release Date: August 31, 2011
  3. Producer: Atul Agnihotri; Alvira Agnihotri
  4. Director, story: Siddique
  5. Editor: Sanjay Sankla
  6. Screenplay: Kiran Kotrial; J P Chowksey; Siddique
  7. Star Cast: Salman Khan (Lovely Singh); Kareena Kapoor (Divya); Mahesh Manjrekar (Ranjan Mhatre); Aditya Pancholi (Vikrant); Hazel Keech (Maya); Rajat Rawail (Tsunami); Asrani (Shekhar); Katrina Kaif (Item Number); Raj Babbar (Sartaj Rana); Mohan Kapoor (Professor); Chetan Hansraj; Sharat Saxena; Vidya Sinha (Divya's Mother); Shashi Kiran (Ajay Mama); Reema Debnath (Savita)
  8. Singers: Salman Khan; Ash King; Clinton Cerejo; Mika Singh; Amrita Kak; Rahat Fateh Ali Khan; Shreya Ghoshal; Alam Gir Khan; Shaan
  9. Lyricist: Shabbir Ahmed; Neelesh Misra
  10. Music Director: Himesh Reshammiya; Pritam Chakraborty; 
  11. Background Music: Sandeep Shirodkar
  12. Cinematography: Sejal Shah
  13. Choreography: Ganesh Acharya; Vaibhavi Merchant; Vishnudeva
  14. Action: Vijayan Master
  15. Art: Shailesh Mahadik; Monica Angelica Bhowmick
  16. Costume: Alvira Agnihotri; Ashley Rebello; Manish Malhotra



Theme and Story: 


Lovely Singh (Salman Khan) is a security guard working with a security agency. He is appointed as a bodyguard for Divya ( Kareena Kapoor) by her father Sartaj Rana (Raj Babbar) as there was a threat to her life from a gangster Ranjan Mhatre (Mahesh Manjareker ).  Lovely Singh is an one man army and is considered equivalent to a dozen armed guards. He has high regards for Sartaj Rana as his late father had also worked as bodyguard for Rana. Sartaj Rana had also saved the life of Lovely Singh’s mother when she was pregnant, carrying him. Lovely Singh regarded Rana as his master and addresses him as ‘malik’ (master).


Having been appointed as the bodyguard of Divya, lovely has also been given responsibilities of imparting physical training to her for keeping fit. He is at 24 hour disposal to Divya and also accompanies her in her class rooms in the college where she is studying her MBA. Divya has a friend and companion Maya (Hazel Keech) who lives with her in the same residence and studies in the same class. Divya always feels embarrassed for her bodyguard who follows her everywhere in uniform. She, in association with Maya plans and plays many tricks to get rid of the bodyguard or at least change his outfit from a hardcore security personnel to a normal young man. 


In the process of changing the outfit of Lovely Singh, Divya resorts to call him on his mobile, pretending as some imaginary young girl from Divya’s college. She makes many calls to him to say that she likes him as he looks dashing and charming. The repeated calls develop some sort of attraction between Lovely and the imaginary girl. One evening Divya goes to a discotheque and Lovely keeps guarding her there also. The gangster Ranjan Mhatre’s goons invade into the discothèque for killing Divya. Lovely spots the goons when Divya was talking on his mobile pretending as the imaginary girl. Lovely tells her on mobile that Divya Madam’s life is in danger and he is disconnecting the call and rushing to the rescue of Divya madam.     


Lovely fights with the dozen-plus goons with expert hooks, punches, kicks, hops jumps, summersaults and pistol shots and finally saves Divya from all this messed up deadly attack. As a result of this incident Divya feels sprouting up a soft corner for her bodyguard Lovely Singh. Divya’s feelings for Lovely undergo a romantic metamorphosis but the servant-master relations between him and her father restricts her from disclosing the story to her father.  In a negative twist to the story Divya’s friend Maya comes out in light as the girl who used to call on Lovely’s mobile. Lovely and Maya get married and have a son. In another turn in the story Lovely returns back to Divya after Maya’s death and gets united with her on insistence of his master Sartaj Rana. 


Film review:


In spite of having so many twists and turns in the story, the film has come out to be an excellent entertainer. The film keeps the viewers glued to the screen and touches their different feelings many times with excitements, laughters and chocked throats. Salman khan has done a good job in the character of Bodyguard. Karina Kapoor has displayed her finest talents of acting, expressions, body language and dialogue delivery. Debutant comedian Rajat Rawail’s performance was dull and sometimes looked irritating with the indecent dialogues he delivered as Tsunami Singh. The direction, screenplay and editing is excellent. 


The snapshot performance of Katrina Kaif was insignificant in the title song and dance sequence because of the dominating presence and persona of Salman Khan. Her piece of dance was also not choreographed effectively. 




Salman Khan looked really dashing in this movie. He has obviously reduced extra weight and shaped his body in an ultimate chiseled built. His reflexes have also become quick in this film. He appears to have delivered dialogues in a better voice rather than speaking in his monotonic delivery in base. He has also gone through rigorous practice and rehersals of his dance numbers. 


Himesh Rshaiya’s music is another attraction in the film. Nevertheless, the high pitch songs sung as playback for Salman Khan were misfits for the persona of the bodyguard. The songs did not match with the lip movements of Salman Khan. 


General Comment:


Music directors should patiently select a suitable pitch for songs when composing music for the hero or for other characters.  There is a trend in Bollywood composing songs based on Punjabi pop music and sung by Punjabi pop singers. In spite of being good songs, these compositions do not match with the characters for which they are played as playback songs. Similarly, the songs composed for female item-numbers in UP / Bihar dialects and sung by female singers in husky voices also look a bit indecent. 


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