Harish Jharia

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28 February 2011

IIC International Cricket Council Glossary: What is a ‘Dot Ball’

The Logo of International Cricket Council 


What is a ‘Dot Ball’


What is ‘Dot Ball’…? The answer is not that simple because ‘Dot Ball’ is not any penalty it is rather a commendation tag attached to the bowler’s statistics. A delivery from a bowler to a batsman out of which the batsman fails to score any run is called a ‘Dot Ball’. This terminology has been adapted by the ICC  in 2003 and was first introduced  at Newlands Stadium in the opening match of the ICC Cricket World Cup 2003 that was eventually won by West Indies. 



The introduction of ‘Dot Ball’ in the cricket statistical data will encourage effective bowling. The aim of bowling is to ball-out the batsman and at the same time the bowler has to restrict the batsman from scoring runs. As such, the balls bowled by the bowlers that do not let the batsman score any run, are definitely worth recognizing and now such balls have been designated as ‘Dot Balls’, to be further added to their achievement statistics.  


Two South African cricket fans Scholtz and Bramley displayed placards in a cricket match on 3 April 2002 at Durban, depicting ‘Dot Balls’ as big black dots on  yellow posters. They raised these placards on each ball bowled that did not yield any runs.  These placards received an unprecedented recognition from the crowd in the stadium inclusive of the ICC authorities. Subsequently the entire stadium started applauding and cheering each ‘Dot Balls’ played in the match. 


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Disclaimer:

This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on athletic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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27 February 2011

ICC Cricket World Cup 2011: India v/s England match played on 27 February 2011 at Bangalore, India

ICC Cricket World Cup 2011: India v/s England match played on 27 February 2011 at Bangalore, India


India won the toss and elected to bat first.  India scored a mammoth total of 338 runs. They were all out at 49.5 overs. Tendulkar scored 120 and became the highest centurion in world cup ODIs with 5 tons. The run-score of other main players was Sehwag 35, Gambhir 51, Yuvraj 58, Dhoni 31, Pathan 14.  


Sachin hits a century in India v/s England WC on 27 February 2011


In reply to India’s huge total of 338 England batted quite aggressively against the subdued Indian fielding. They scored 338/8 in 50 overs with the main contribution of Strauss with his 158 runs scored out of authoritative smashing the Indian bowling and breaking their defense.  The other main scorers were Bell 69, Pitersen 31 and Trott 16. Nevertheless, Bell was given a new life out of a controversial decision by the umpires declaring him ‘not out’ even after counter checking by the 3rd umpire. Indians appealed aloud for giving Bell LBW but were demoralized when their appeal was overruled by the umpires. 


Indian fielding was disappointing as the players had gloomy faces and not so very quick reflexes in their movements on the field. The bowling was also ineffective that resulted in a draw in spite of a huge total of 338. 


Nevertheless, thanks to the modern system of calculating NRR that India is still figuring at the top of the Group- B score card. India has earned 3 points with NRR of 0.870 and kept itself ahead of England who has earned 3 points with NRR of 0.126 at the end of the India v/s England world cup matched played on 27 February 2011 in the score chart.
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Click here to know: What is NRR...?
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International Women's Day (IWD): Celebrated on 8th March

Young Indian Woman: by Raja Ravi Verma


Somewhere in early 1900s women started raising their voice against the oppression, inequality, exploitation  they were subjected to and refused to be branded themselves as commodities. Since time immemorial, women have been working for earning their livelihood yet they were regarded as bonded laborers rather than recognized as fortune earners for their families. International Women's Day has been observed in some form or the other since early 1900's. That was the time of global modernization and unrest in the industrialized western world that was associated with blooming population growth and explosion of radical ideologies.


In 1908, widespread unrest and aggressive debate amongst working women sprung as a result of oppression  and inequality exercised against them. Eventually in the same year, about 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights. Following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman's Day (NWD) was observed across the United States on 28 February in the year 1909. 




In 1910 the second International Conference of Working Women, held in Copenhagen passed a resolution to celebrate international woman’s day IWD across the world. Following the decision taken at Copenhagen, International Women's Day (IWD) was celebrated for the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland on 19 March1911. One million plus women and men attended IWD rallies and campaigned for women's rights to work, to vote, to be trained, to hold public offices and to eradicate discrimination and exploitation of women in public life.


In the year 1913 the international community of working women changed the day of celebration for the International Women’s Day IWD to 8 March and this day turned as the global date for International Women’s Day ever since. 


The upcoming 8 March 2011 is going to be the century of the International Women’s Day IWD.  “Discover Life” salutes the women of this planet for the selfless service, love, care and compassion rendered by the mothers, sisters, daughters and the family-prides on the rest of the human beings on this earth. 


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Disclaimer:
This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on athletic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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24 February 2011

Limited Overs Cricket ODIs One Day Internationals: What is Powerplay...?


What is Powerplay...? 
...Limited Overs Cricket ODIs One Day Internationals: 


Purpose for introducing powerplay: 


In limited overs cricket matches Powerplay is a set of positions of fielding players on the ground with respect to the 30yard circle, as to how many players should be fielded within the 30yard circle and how many will be placed outside the same. Such fielding arrangements are enforced in the limited-over cricket matches to maintain high speed athletic activities like making more runs by the batsmen and fast movement of the fielders. 


As the name ‘powerplay’ suggests the ODIs are now turned into high-speed games letting the batsmen score huge run accounts and the fielders display electrifying fielding movements. Eventually, the powerplay has made the ODIs more interesting and exciting for the spectators on the venue and for the TV viewers across the globe


Implementation:


The bowling team is subjected to fielding restrictions with nine fielders, including two fielders in catching positions, inside the fielding circle for a set number of overs. 


The ICC announced implementation of ‘Power Play’ on 1 October 2007 that the captain of the fielding side may elect to position 3 fielders outside the 30 yard circle in one of the two 5-over Powerplays. The other powerplay is chosen by the batting team’s captain. Currently both 2nd and 3rd powerplay will have 3 fielders outside 30 yard circle.


Under the Powerplay rules, fielding restrictions are applied for the first 10 overs, plus two blocks of 5-overs each (called Powerplay Fives). With effect from October 2008 the batting side has been given the option to decide as to when one of the two remaining blocks should be applied on the field. 


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Disclaimer:
This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on athletic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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23 February 2011

What is ‘Free Hit’ in ODIs One day international Cricket matches and T20 Twenty-Twenty cricket matches?

Sachin Tendulkar hitting the ball hard...

What is ‘Free Hit’ in ODIs One day international Cricket matches and T20 Twenty-Twenty cricket matches?

If a bowler delivers a no ball by overstepping the popping crease, it costs 1 run to his team and his next delivery will be declared as a free-hit. That means, in the next delivery, the batsman can hit the ball in any manner to score maximum runs like a boundary or a sixer.  In case of a free hit the batsman can only be dismissed through a run out, for hitting the ball twice, obstructing the field or handling the ball, as in case for a ‘no ball’. 


This rule of ‘free hit’ was first introduced in twenty20 cricket, ever since that shortest format of International cricket started. ICC introduced the rule of free-hit in one day cricket (ODI), from 1st October 2007. 


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Disclaimer:
This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on athletic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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What is NRR (Net Run Rate) in ODIs and T20 Cricket matches…?

    India lifted the ICC Cricket World Cup 1983


What is NRR (Net Run Rate) in ODIs and T20 Cricket matches…?


- Harish Jharia


In the cricket test matches there is no surety about the results of the matches played between two teams. Many times the matches end in draws and rendered inconclusive in cases of abandonment of matches. Eventually the entire series might end in a draw. On the other hand in case of ODIs and T20 matches they are played between two or more teams like tournaments. The currently ongoing ICC cricket world cup match is also a tournament where the ICC cannot afford to declare matches inconclusive and are bound to declare the winner of the world cup for awarding the same to the team who plays its best in all departments and unambiguously declared the winner. 



A Typical Score Chart of a Cricket Tournament


Teams
P
W
L
NR
T
Points
NRR
India
1
1
0
0
0
2
+1.74
South Africa
0
0
0
0
0
0
+0.00
England
0
0
0
0
0
0
+0.00
West Indies
0
0
0
0
0
0
+0.00
Bangladesh
1
0
1
0
0
0
-1.74
Ireland
0
0
0
0
0
0
+0.00
Netherlands
0
0
0
0
0
0
+0.00

In order to take firm decision for selecting the winner the ICC considers many factors for reaching to a justified conclusion. They consider the total number of matches played, matches won, matches lost, and matches with no results. They evaluate the teams by giving points for the winners (1) the runners (0) and for no results (0). These points are then summed up for taking the final decision to declare the final winner of the tournament.    


There is a flaw in this conventional system of evaluating the teams’ performance as the final winner cannot be decided if there is a tie between two best teams scoring equal points in a match or a tournament


A unique system of evaluation Net Run Rate abbreviated as NRR has been evolved out of mathematical calculation to the 3rd point of decimals for calculating the performance of the teams of any tournament. By calculating the net run rate NRR of the teams, the better team can be selected even if there is a tie based on the points they score. 


I went through many articles published on ‘Net Run Rate’ NRR on the internet, giving detailed calculations done for awarding the NRR to teams. Yet, the more I read them the more I felt confused about the concept of the term ‘Net Run Rate’ NRR. 


I did lot of trile and error and finally reached to a conclusion about ‘Net Run Rate’ NRR. Following is the outcome that I would like to share with the visitors of “Discover Life”. 


Please read the following that has been written in layman’s language without any mathematical terminologies and hope that would be useful for the readers:

The formula used is: NRR = RR For - RR Against


NRR = Net Run Rate of your team 
RR For = Your team’s run rate
RR Against = Opponent’s run rate
  1. Your team’s run rate (RR For) = Runs scored by your team ÷ Overs bowled by opponent team
  2. Opponent’s run rate (RR Against) = Runs scored by opponent team ÷ Overs bowled by your team
  3. Net Run Rate (NRR) of your team = Your team’s run rate (RR For) – Opponent team’s run rate (RR Against)
Example: 
  1. Runs scored by your team = 368
  2. Overs bowled by opponent team = 50
  3. Runs scored by opponent team = 299
  4. Overs bowled by your team = 50
  5. Your team’s run rate … 368 ÷50 = 7.36
  6. Opponent’s run rate … 299 ÷ 50 = 5.98
  7. Net Run Rate of your team...  7.36 – 5.98 = +1.38
  8. Your NRR = +1.38
  9. Net Run Rate of opponent team... 5.98 - 7.36 = - 1.38
  10. Opponents NRR = -1.38
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Disclaimer:
This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on athletic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia
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