Harish Jharia

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27 February 2011

International Women's Day (IWD): Celebrated on 8th March

Young Indian Woman: by Raja Ravi Verma

Somewhere in early 1900s women started raising their voice against the oppression, inequality, exploitation  they were subjected to and refused to be branded themselves as commodities. Since time immemorial, women have been working for earning their livelihood yet they were regarded as bonded laborers rather than recognized as fortune earners for their families. International Women's Day has been observed in some form or the other since early 1900's. That was the time of global modernization and unrest in the industrialized western world that was associated with blooming population growth and explosion of radical ideologies.

In 1908, widespread unrest and aggressive debate amongst working women sprung as a result of oppression  and inequality exercised against them. Eventually in the same year, about 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights. Following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman's Day (NWD) was observed across the United States on 28 February in the year 1909. 

In 1910 the second International Conference of Working Women, held in Copenhagen passed a resolution to celebrate international woman’s day IWD across the world. Following the decision taken at Copenhagen, International Women's Day (IWD) was celebrated for the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland on 19 March1911. One million plus women and men attended IWD rallies and campaigned for women's rights to work, to vote, to be trained, to hold public offices and to eradicate discrimination and exploitation of women in public life.

In the year 1913 the international community of working women changed the day of celebration for the International Women’s Day IWD to 8 March and this day turned as the global date for International Women’s Day ever since. 

The upcoming 8 March 2011 is going to be the century of the International Women’s Day IWD.  “Discover Life” salutes the women of this planet for the selfless service, love, care and compassion rendered by the mothers, sisters, daughters and the family-prides on the rest of the human beings on this earth. 

This article is written based on my personal observations and on the information collected from the media. My intention for publishing the same is to provide healthy reading and intellectual entertainment and not for educating the visitors. No literature or authentic books have been referred for writing the contents of this article. The visitors are advised not to refer the contents of this article for any research or testimony on athletic or legal purposes. The visitors are further advised to consult relevant experts before adapting any information from this article. The author or the website are not responsible for any errors, mistakes, or omissions there in.
- Harish Jharia

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